The amount of food that fish must consume daily to make them healthy and grow well is about 1.0-2.5% of their body weight. Seachem Matrix Vs Pumice. With no moving parts, all you need is an air supply and you've got a filter that is fully contained within your aquarium. Certified Seachem technical support specialists are active Monday-Friday, 9:00 AM-5:00 PM EST. (which would clearly indicate that the filter media have virtually no effect on the nitrification efficiency), This means that in an empty 100ℓ aquarium there are so many nitrifying bacteria that it would not be a problem for them to break down ammonia from 5,454 pcs of adult Neon Tetra It's hard to blame marine pure directly because this could have been from PVC or something else. In both cases, it was able to break down all ammonia in 24 hours, but lagged with nitrite. By all types of aquariums I mean ALL types. Matrix™ is a specific type chosen for its extremely high porosity, pore size, durability, and inert nature. Any other pumice used would be unknown regarding safety. asked on February 13, 2013. eheim substrat pro vs fluval g-nodes ... , (before clogging), bio-media. Also it will never alter the pH of your aquarium. it is important to often change large amounts of water. Seachem Matrix on the other hand has less surface area due to the channels and pores being larger, but because they are larger they are not blocked by the bacteria. But there is one very simple, yet important step you must take in order to unlock their full potential. on filter walls, in hoses, and the like). Besides the fact that nitrification "takes a back seat" in the aquarium, nitrifying bacteria are moreover very effective "in their field" (or domain), Sponge = 12G = 45ℓ aquarium with inner sponge filter (designed for 20G = 75ℓ aquarium). Consequently, with high production of ammoniacal nitrogen, nitrates will accumulate to a large extent in the aquarium 1ℓ of Seachem Matrix = $11.55 4ℓ of Seachem Matrix = $31.80 5ℓ of Pumice (Czech Republic) = $3 The dose of 88 ppm NH3 was not able to completely break down (see day #19). Biofilm (slime) inside the filter before cleaning. especially considering that even in an empty aquarium (with a filter without filter media) it can arise a large enough colony of nitrifying bacteria to break down an incredible 30 ppm of NH, Fish weight in aquarium: 185 g (100pcs * 1.85g), Daily feed dose: ~2 g (= 1% of body weight), Calculation: 2 * (23/100) * (16/100) * (61/100) * (1.216/1) = 2 * 0.23 * 0.16 * 0.61 * 1.216 = 0.055 g NH. When you buy Matrix… It is … Years ago Matrix was obviously pumice, a type of volcanic rock which doesn’t absorb water and floats. Few, however, know that nitrification is only the tip of the iceberg in different kinds of decomposition processes. Seachem are great marketers, but not always that great when it comes to providing actual scientific data to back up their claims. During the previous experiment, it emerged that high doses of ammoniacal nitrogen led to an extreme increase in nitrate concentration, The most effective filter medium in the degradation of ammonia (nitrification) has proved to be an ordinary foam filter called. It’s a very porous media that provides excellent biological filtration in all types of aquariums. For an idea: This amount of ammonia is produced by more than 10 kg of adult Neon Tetras in 24 hours. I can easily rejig it anyway, at a later date, to see if there is any improvement in the flow rate etc. Sorry, the board is unavailable at the moment for maintenance. Assuming we have 100 pieces of adult Neon Tetra of 2 inches (5 cm) in length and 1.85 grams per piece in our aquarium (185 g in total), The filters compete with plants because some nutrients can often precipitate in them (most often iron and phosphorus). With Matrix, you are assured to not leach anything in your tank water. WATER CONDITIONER/TREATMENT ... stones added to increase the weight ..same powder stuff like a chalk and also picture of one stone to show the real pumice stone I.e matrix vs stones can tell by the weight the difference. Matrix is very similar to the porous ceramic products in all its properties. and therefore only a relatively small amount is needed to convert ammoniacal nitrogen to nitrite and nitrate. Matrix is made out of refined pumice stone . This usually means to have a very porous filter media. Well, isn't it interesting - lol. An empty aquarium without filter, only with an air stone, could barely remove the dose of 4 ppm NH3. Seachem Matrix vs. pemza. Thus, a normal planted aquarium most likely does not need any biological filtration (at least not for ammonia removal), and the hype around the ever more perfect filters seems odd (unfounded) in the light of this experiment. The use of filter media in the filter is most likely unnecessary (at least in terms of nitrification) in a planted aquarium with a reasonable fish stock. But for this purpose, I think it is preferable to use activated carbon in combination with some fine mechanical filtration. Whether the different types of aquarium filtration actually help in the mineralization itself (i.e. The next day (after changing 100% of water and dosing the same amount of ammonia), the nitrite concentration started to rise again (see day #16). Un material mucho más efectivo en filtración biologica de acuarios. which intake the fish and plants can't control, and is therefore potentially much more toxic to them. which no other filter (or filter media) tested was able to manage (see day #18). 1. Unfortunately even though we do our best to carefully QC the product, it is a naturally mined media so sometimes anomalies occur. Seachem Matrix is an aquarium conditioner aimed at people who need to either get rid of all the toxins in their aquarium water or for people who need to get their bacteria back. Another experiment that was not done by me, but by one American aquarist who gave me permission to describe it here. It is said in the fish farming literature that about 30-34 m2 of filter media area is needed to break down the ammoniacal nitrogen produced from 1 kg of fish feed at the water temperature of 77°F (25°C). The confusions start with the similarity in appearance of Matrix and garden center pumice. Helpful. When I switched to matrix I didn't have the problem anymore. So I have 2 questions; (sorry for the thread hijack!) 0.113 mℓ of filter media (0.17/1,500). In cazul Matrix vs "Matrix", pietrele par sa fie din aceiasi origine (vulcanic pumice), acelasi material (compozitie) daca le spargi, dar greutatea/volum difera Foarte mult (aprox. The difference from buying pumice in a store versus Seachem is presumably that the store won't clean it and guarantee that it's free of heavy metals. Nitrification is the biological conversion of ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3/NH4+) to nitrites (NO2-), and subsequently to nitrates (NO3-). This page was generated at 21:12. Of course, I do not question the need to remove dissolved organic substances, microscopic algae or other (fine) mechanical pollution from water. /';this should keep you in media for years. A complete filter media (= 1ℓ) was removed from the Fluval Biomax aquarium and moved to the Bare Tank. This is actually a great advantage about this product. With Matrix, you know it isn’t going to affect your pH or leach anything into your tank. 1ℓ Seachem Matrix = 500,- Kč Filter and aquarium after thorough cleaning. It is good to maximize the filter stages in which the nitrifying and heterotrophic bacteria can grow. This means all the surface area stays available for bacteria to use. It is extremely expensive with very little effective surface area (about 20 to 40 ft 2 /ft 3). Both filter media (Seachem Matrix as well as Pumice) managed to completely remove 30 ppm of ammoniacal nitrogen in 24 hours. resulting in total collapse of nitrifying bacteria (the bacteria either died out or no longer broke down NH4+ and NO2-, Top - Biological;Seachem Matrix + polishing pad to protect the impeller and motor I think it should work best like this as the biological media gets smaller as the baskets get nearer the top. It is also quite possible that many filters may increase ammonium concentration in the aquarium rather than reduce it effectively. Ammonium itself (NH4+) is not toxic to fish, because fish as well as plants are capable of regulating its intake, unlike ammonia gas (NH3), According to the safety data sheet of the Seachem Matrix filter media, this filter medium is nothing but 100% pumice. Seachem Matrix. If filter media did not cope with the given amount of ammonia, it would suggest that filter media are most likely not the place where nitrifying bacteria concentrate. All times are GMT-5. Information from the experiment taken and the pictures used with the kind permission of the author. Matrix is pumice rock You can . In addition, some filter media will soon become clogged with organic detritus or inorganic precipitates, and anaerobic decomposition will begin to occur with all the negative consequences (e.g. Thank you for visiting the Seachem Support and Discussions Board. BigXor. I also Googled "bulk pumice stone", and sure enough it looks just like Matrix. Some people say it works, other people say it's doesn't at all . However, filtration may have other useful functions in the aquarium, such as mechanical removal of fine particles from water, chemical absorption and adsorption of harmful molecules into the resin or other filter media, Or enough for 1 monster tank Read more. ... stones added to increase the weight ..same powder stuff like a chalk and also picture of one stone to show the real pumice stone I.e matrix vs stones can tell by the weight the difference Read more. This also leads to disruption of mineralization and begining of humification, the products of which are mainly hard-to-decompose humins, humic acids and fulvic acids. Seachem Matrix, 500ml/7.1-Ounce 4.5 out of 5 stars 247. For comparison, I refer to a common pumice of various grain sizes: The goal of this test was to find out what share in the total nitrification the filter media themselves have. The day before the test, water was treated with. The 3/8" size is the same as Seachem Matrix. Specifically designed for the Fluval U2/U3/U4 filters, BIOMAX provides an optimal environment for the colonization and growth of beneficial bacteria. 1 ppm NH4+ = 2.55 ppm NO2- = 3.44 ppm NO3-. Bare Tank (empty aquarium) = 45ℓ aquarium with Eheim Pro II 2028 filter without filter media. it would mean that the filter media account for at least 50% of the total nitrification. Yes most porous media will promte some growth of anaerobic over time. after adding these media back to the empty filter, the efficiency of nitrification in the second aquarium increased (the media helped to achieve better results). Pumice is a generic form of volcanic rock whose ingredients may vary. The results in this case are not entirely clear. It took me 6 months to figure this out. Porozitate redusa inseamna mai putine bacterii ( ni si deni - … Bare Tank = 12G = 45ℓ aquarium with Eheim Pro II 2028 filter, which has 1ℓ of Fluval Biomax media (originally placed in Fluval Biomax aquarium). The effect of bacteria mixtures in aquarium cycling, [Leftmost aluminium basin (volume approx. A small sponge filter (bubble blower) managed to break down an incredible dose of 70 ppm NH3 in 24 hours, Pumice stone is super porous and is supposed to be able to harbor denitrifying bacteria inside anaerobic areas deep inside the pumice stone . In addition, nitrifying bacteria are able to multiply quite quickly, or only a relatively small amount of bacteria suffices to effectively remove even a relatively large amount of ammonia. Its much simpler, safer, and cheaper than bringing in that beautiful live rock at a very high price and a lot of nasty critters. or biological (microbial) decomposition of complex organic compounds into simpler compounds or elements (nutrients) → so-called mineralization. Initial water parameters: KH 7, GH 12, pH 7.6, Water temperature: 77-84°F (25-29°C) [active cooling with small fans], Brand of the drop test kit used: API Go with the best looking dead rock you can find for the display and use seachem pond sized matrix (or equivalent in other brands) in the sump for nitrification. While, after removing the filter media, the first aquarium has break down virtually the same amount of ammonia and nitrite as with the filter media Increased concentrations of dissolved organic matter in the water can then promote the growth of some algae. This is the second item that’s worth checking out. No, I don't believe its better. (which was previously removed and transferred to an empty filter in the Bare Tank aquarium) was inserted into the filter. Yes make sure you rise I bought a bucket 4liter of matrix and no where on the bucket does is say it needs rinsed but I did because I figured it would be best because of dust and maybe a few random rock luckily I did rinse because little did I know if I didn’t rinse I would have killed all my fish there was about 1 liter of the bucket that was not pumice and a little Suprise In there a bullet I have emailed seachem support Saturday and still am waiting a reply. or perhaps there was no longer any additional place for NO3- in the tank). Author of the test: Linn Fahrenkrug (Immortal1) from Iowa, USA. One liter of Matrix™ provides as much surface area (>700 square meters) as 170 … Seachem's premise is matrix is pumice that has been tested for low reactivity to anything found in tropical fresh water or salt water tanks. CDN$9.77. Matrix certainly isn't the only biomedia you can choose. Hello Jmacke! Filtration has several functions, of which nitrification (the biological conversion of ammoniacal nitrogen to nitrites and subsequently to nitrates) is only one of them. Ammonia gas (NH3) is formed from dissolved ammonium (NH4+) at higher pH (the higher the pH, the greater the amount of ammonium is converted to toxic ammonia). dead fish decaying somewhere unnoticed) may not pose any problem for an already established colony of nitrifying bacteria, This experiment refutes the widespread myth that we need the most efficient filtration with as much filtration area as possible to remove toxic ammonia from the water. Seachem Matrix. On Saturday, the filter was thoroughly cleaned and only 3 days later it was again covered with a continuous layer of biofilm If all the filter media was removed from the Aquatop filter, and yet it was able to break down most of the ammonia, Seachem Matrix is a great natural medium for colonizing both nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria so important for good water chemistry and the health of one's aquarium inhabitants. Seachem Denitrate – and Seachem Matrix – can do a fantastic job of helping to lower the nitrates in your aquarium. (or 10 kg of well fed fish). (, An empty aquarium with a filter without filter media can break down at least the same amount of ammoniacal nitrogen as an aquarium with a handful of high-quality filter media (. 1 ppm NH3 = 2.70 ppm NO2- = 3.64 ppm NO3- It turned out that even in an absolutely empty aquarium without plants, substrate and various filter media, enough bacteria will grow (reproduce) that are able to break down an incredible 30 ppm NH3 in 24 hours. in the conversion of complex organic compounds into simple inorganic plant nutrients) remains to be verified.