Also known as blowfish, these clumsy swimmers fill their elastic stomachs with huge amounts of water (and sometimes air) and blow themselves up to several times their normal size. The teeth of the porcupine fish form a plate in … Languages spoken: English and French, with some Indigenous languages Porcupine In Madison Range | Photo: D. Lennon. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Porcupine quills are as sharp as needles, can be removed very easily, and will stay stuck in an attacker. A common myth is that porcupines can "shoot" their quills at a predator; but they can't. The name "porcupine" comes from Middle French porc d'épine "thorny pork", hence the nickname "quill pig" for the animal. Lost quills are replaced with new quills. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Like beavers, porcupines live in woodlands and forests where they eat wood and bark. That is why some of them are gray and others are brown. Answer: No, porcupines can’t shoot their quills as previously believed. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. And, it works on fine motor skills with having to glue small items in a row. This page was last changed on 23 October 2020, at 19:01. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. Porcupine fish grow up to three feet in length. hairs. Long black and brown guard hairs and quills cover its body. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. Quills can still penetrate animals and humans even after death. Natural sources of salt used by porcupines include different salt-rich plants (such as yellow water lily and aquatic liverwort), fresh animal bones, outer tree bark and mud in salt-rich soils.[6]. Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? There are some that have white on them as well. A porcupette has soft quills made of hardened hair. The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. Porcupines will eat shed deer antlers. They have a large body that is round and they move at a very slow pace. The Porcupine. Porcupines have poor vision but have an acute sense of smell. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Here's the truth: the quills are made of keratin like your hair and fingernails. Porcupine fish are slow swimmers. The porcupine uses these quills for protection against predators. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. (Contrary to common belief, the porcupine … Some species also have spines on their skin to ward off predators. Porcupines climb trees to feed on nuts, bark and berries. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! We upload videos every #WildlifeWednesday, so tune in! The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'easyscienceforkids_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',801,'0','0'])); Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? Baby porcupines are born with soft quills, which is good for their mothers! Quills are about 75 mm long and 2 mm wide. GlobalP / Getty Images. They are nocturnal. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids ." This simple craft is a great preschool porcupine craft as well and a fun way for kids to learn about porcupines and their spiky bodies. The porcupine is one of natures most interesting creatures. Tobin, Declan. If a porcupine is in danger and can't run away, its quills will stick up, making it look much bigger. https://www.reference.com/science/baby-porcupine-called-86e1b821d866e879, https://books.google.com/?id=Is0nAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA501, https://books.google.com/?id=MTA5AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA78, http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=000B3425-FD09-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=5006784. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) 23 Dec 2020. Porcupines are covered in quills all over their body except their belly, face, and feet. They vary in size from the relatively small long–tailed porcupine with body lengths of 11 to 18.9 inches, and a weight of 3.3 to 5.1 lb, to the much larger crested porcupines, which are 24 to 33 inches long, discounting the tail, and weigh from 29 to 60 lb. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. Morrisson, Philip; Morrisson, Phyllis (March 2001). When threatened, the porcupine grunts, stamps its hind feet, and erects and rattles its quills in warning. Porcupines are not territorial animals, however, their home range can be as large as 200 acres. Porcupines are large rodents with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail. It is an interest-ing animal that has an important place in the environment. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. [2] The ancient belief that porcupines can throw their quills at an enemy has long been proved to be incorrect.[3][4]. Porcupines have big front teeth for chewing wood. Porcupines in search of salt sometimes live in human places, eating plywood cured with sodium nitrate,[5] certain paints, and tool handles, footwear, clothes and other items that have been coated in salty sweat. Porcupines can live in a wide range of places in tropical and mild parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. A video about the porcupine’s quill and self defense mechanism. Porcupine fish will also inflate with air if taken from the water. The impact may shake nu… It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. If you were ever looking for an unusual piece of trivia, the porcupine … If a porcupine loses a quill, it grows a new one. The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. A porcupine’s quills say, “Don’t mess with me!”. A porcupine lives in a den. On average, a porcupine has 30,000 quills. The correct term for a baby porcupine is a porcupette. The 300,000 quills that cover a North American porcupine's body are its best defense—but not the way you may think! The habits of most species are strictly terrestrial. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs. Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring. Porcupine Facts. Animals who try to eat porcupines have been known to die because of quill penetration and infection. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Normally, the quills lay down flat, but when a porcupine is scared, its quills stand up. Share Flipboard Email Print The North American porcupine is a type of New World porcupine. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids. Some live in trees, others stay on the ground. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. If a quill becomes put in the tissues of an attacker, the barbs act to pull the quill farther into the tissues with the normal muscle movements of the attacker, moving up to many millimeters in a day. The quills are stiff hairs about 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) long that act as armor to protect the porcupine. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. Information about porcupines from the DK Find Out website for kids. Porcupines generally live in family grou… It grows up to 36 inches long. Even if a predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates, it won't enjoy the snack. Some porcupines have up to 30,000 quills on their body. Porcupines like going near roads in areas where rock salt is used to melt ice and snow, and are known to gnaw on vehicle tires or wiring coated in road salt. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. They are herbivores. NatureMapping Animal Facts for Kids Porcupine. Hedgehog facts for kids: learn all about these adorable mammals, with facts about the hedgehog’s habitat, diet, defence mechanisms, size and behaviour. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/, Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com |. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. Animals & Nature. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators. ... Porcupine quills can grow up to 14in (35cm) long, and porcupines may have 30,000 of them covering their bodies. The quills stand up when a porcupine feels threatened and detach easily when touched. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupines include the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. The animal's quills or spines take on many forms, depending on the type, but all are hairs coated with thick plates of keratin, and they are in the skin musculature. They have large, rounded heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots. Some quills are 12 inches long.Read on for more all about porcupines. That’s bigger than your foot! Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. Kids are fascinated by the mechanics of the quills and how the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators. Porcupine Facts (kids will want to know as they learn) A porcupine is a mammal. The quills harden in two days. Their quills are very sharp and they will not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think. New quills grow to replace lost ones. Question: Can porcupines shoot their quills? Mammals Amphibians Birds Habitat Profiles Reptiles Insects Marine Life Forestry Dinosaurs Evolution View More. Some quills are 12 inches long. In researching porcupines further for this project, I came across some fun facts about porcupines. Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines, download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids, Famous American Inventors (Top ten and their Inventions), How To Build a Winogradsky Column and Learn About Soil Science. Porcupine Facts & Trivia for kids Porcupines do not shoot their quills. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p. PicFacts. The spines can inflict nasty wounds. The results are the same. Porcupine species have some traits in common, the obvious one being the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Salt licks placed nearby can stop porcupine damage. Porcupines are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to find salt sources. The color of a Porcupine is to help them stay well camouflaged in their habitat. They are very vocal animals and make shrill screeches, whines and low grunts. Porcupine Facts Scientific Name: Hystricidae and Erethizontidae. Porcupines also eat soft plants and fruit. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. Many people believe that porcupines can shoot their quills, but this is not true. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/ >. Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Improve your knowledge on baby porcupines and learn interesting facts with DK Find Out. Porcupines come in various shades of brown, grey, and the unusual white. It has rather large eyes for the size of its body. Porcupine babies have soft quills. It grows up to 36 inches long. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. The Latin word for porcupine means “quill pig.” Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Porcupines have about 30,000 quills. Porcupines live in forests, deserts and grasslands. For lengthy info click here. Within a few hours after birth a baby porcupines quills harden. Pufferfish can inflate into a ball shape to evade predators. Porcupines are nocturnal animals. Key Facts & Information Physical Features. They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. Porcupines can live a long time. See the fact file below for more information on the porcupine or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Porcupine worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. You may cut-and-paste the below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. " Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. Unlike needles, however, the quills of New World porcupines have small, backwards-facing barbs on the tip that catch on the skin making them hard and painful to pull out. It grows up to 36 inches long. This protects the mother from injury as she gives birth.[1]. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) What they look like: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. Easy Science for Kids, Dec 2020. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. Sometimes they even sneak into campgrounds to chew on canoe paddles or other wooden items. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Porcupines are rodents with sharp spines called quills. Its flat feet and sharp, rounded … It is edible and has been used by humans as an emergency food. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. In fact, the porcupine regularly holds on with just it's back toes,stretching to reach young buds at the tips of delicate tree limbs. The quills are used for decora-tions, especially by Native Americans. There are 29 different species of porcupine found in their native habitats around the world. Easy Science for Kids. (2020). Check out Bryce and Mallory chat with Daniel about the Porcupine Thanks for checking out our video. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Species Code: ERDO Description: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. Web. They will also gnaw at salt placed down to thaw ice on roads which can lead to death or injury through being knocked by motor vehicles. The offender would do well to retreat, for the quills detach easily from the porcupine and can become painfully embedded in the enemy’s skin. The porcupine is acclaimed as a beau-tiful creature of nature. The quills are barbed so they stick into an animal’s skin.