The deontology constituted obviously is more stricter limit to people’s behaviors compared to a consequentialism. 7 Citations. For example, the most common claim has to do with the demanding nature of the theory, for which there are several responses. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. Kant created the philosophical concept of the categorical imperative. Consequentialism is generally divided into a number of theories, including: utilitarianism and ethical egoism. What should she do in this case? Access options Buy single article. 3195 Accesses. maybe once in a blue moon, and i'm a third year philosophy major. In such a case, the best and right action would be to save his son, for if his son is safe and sound, he will be mentally happy and relieved to earn more money and plan a better future for his family. It is different from both the above concepts as it concentrates completely on virtues and ideals. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Both ethical approaches have also been used to support individual liberty, but again for different reasons. "[4] Utilitarianism is a very well known example of Consequen-tialism, speci cally Act Consequentialism. ★ Consequentialism vs deontology: Add an external link to your content for free. Copyright © Opinion Front & Buzzle.com, Inc. Sidgwick, Rashdall, McTaggart, and Moore were consequentialists, holding that right acts always maximize the good; Prichard, Carritt, Ross, and Broad defended the deontological view that rejects that claim. Thus, this theory simply requires people to follow rules and do their duty. ethics, consequentialism, and deontology. Consequentialism and Deontologyare clashing moral philosophies in the field of Ethics. ON THE RELEVANCY OF OUR MORAL INTUITIONS Before proceeding, I would like to make an important distinction between the notion of an intuition and that of a judgment. Search: Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries Buddy … I've since spiralled into beleiving deontology doesn't actually exist. In short, deontology is a non-consequential theory since the goodness or badness of an action in this theory does not depend on its consequences. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. ELI5:Deontology vs Consequentialism. To follow the set rules and regulations can be one of the weaknesses and strengths of deontology. Subtle DistinctionAccording to American philosopher John Rawls, under deontology, an action is right if it is good and vice versa. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Debate about Utilitarianian ethics vs Deontological ethics: Utilitarianism is better or Deontology is better You would probably find this moral system to be unsatisfactory. The virtual ethics model focuses on good characteristics. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Briefly discuss the differences between Bentham and Mill’s versions of utilitarianism. Deontology is duty-, rule-, or obligation-based, whereas consequentialism, as its name suggests, is consequence-based. Means really don't have any individual existence. There are other philosophical views that are less present. 23-24, 208-217). For instance, consider an individual who is the bank manager, and his own son has been caught in the act of robbing the bank. It then highlights principlism, a useful approach to medical ethics that breaks down issues into four major principles: respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. Discuss the political and ethical implications of utilitarianism. While the above concepts exhibit certain criteria for morality, the truth is, moral conduct widely depends on circumstances, which is probably why the cliché ‘it was all in the moment’ is actually true. Furthermore, the more good results an act produces, the better or more right that act will be. Yet, the ones in favor of virtue ethics would state his act to be correct and honorable. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Other. According to this theory, people have to do the right action, even if it brings bad results. Sometimes, it may appear that both these theories simply arrive at the same conclusion by way of different paths. Georg Spielthenner 1 Philosophia volume 33, pages 217 – 235 (2005)Cite this article. Deontological theories of morality are usually contrasted with consequentialism (e.g., Anscombe, 1958; Birnbacher, 2003; Broad, 1930). It defines what is permitted or forbidden based on its consequences. Deontology vs Consequentialism vs Utilitarianism. 3.1 Consequentialism Consequentialism is the \view that moral-ity is all about producing the right kinds of overall consequences. Is there anyone out there that can break this down into very simplistic differences for me? It is his duty to provide a better shelter for his family, and it is also his duty to save his son’s life. (deontology and consequentialism) i don't even come here much. Together with deontology and consequentialism, virtue ethics is currently considered as a dominant approach to normative ethics. More importantly, deontology doesn’t focus on the consequences of action, whereas consequentialism mainly focuses on the consequences. As mentioned earlier, this theory solely focuses on ideals. Imagine you run a factory in a very poor country and a child comes to your door and asks for a job. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. Sidgwick on Consequentialism and Deontology 3 66 There is an initial puzzle about this account. [ - ] Larks 8y 1 The best distinction I've seen between the two consists in whether you honour or promote your values. What is Consequentialism    – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3. Means are tools, with specific purposes. Instant access to the full article PDF. Like I said, it isn't logically impossible. Framing the Physician‐Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia Debate: The Role of Deontology, Consequentialism, and Clinical Pragmatism Joseph J. Fins MD From The New York Hospital ‐ Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York. Deontology is associated with philosopher Immanuel Kant, who believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws. The Consequentialism Debate Topic: The Consequentialism Debate Number of pages: 4 Urgency: 24 hours Level: Platinum Quality Subject area: Philosophy Style: APA Number of sources: 2 Academic Level: Master Compare and Contrast deontology and utilitarianism. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. A long tradition in decision making assumes that people’s decisions are aimed at maximizing some benefit function, without being affected by rules or factors external to outcomes. I was writing an assignment where I had to answer a question from a deontological perspective. 0 Altmetric. Deontology is a normative ethical theory that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, instead of focusing its consequences or any other considerations. Deontology is a theory that concentrates itself in making choices that are morally required, prohibited or just (Moore and Alexander, 2007). The specific question "do the means justify the ends" is not strictly about deontology Vs consequentialism. bacchantic enigma Posts: 3,460. 3. Anscombe, the renowned British analytical philosopher. The consequentialist philosophy might require that the interest of someone is sacrificed for something better. Sometimes, it may appear that both these theories simply arrive at the same conclusion by way of different paths. US$ 39.95. https://opinionfront.com/consequentialism-vs-deontology-vs-virtue-ethics These cookies do not store any personal information. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Deontology takes root from the Greek words deon (duty) and logos (study). Contrary to the consequentialism of Mill, Kant’s theory judges morality by examining the nature of actions and the will of agents rather than the goals sought or the ends achieved. The curious tension between deontology and consequentialism is central to any understanding of Kantianism. Then again, if she does not tell him, it may be mentally traumatic for him to know whether he is going to live or die. bacchantic enigma Posts: 3,460. There are different forms of consequentialism; utilitarianism and hedonism are two such main forms. I realize this, but this resembles just about no one interested in debating consequentialism vs. deontology. 480-482, 2005, pp. Thus, according to consequentialism, a morally right act is an act that will produce good results. Consequentialism and deontology are two such theories that are classified under ethics of conduct, i.e., our behavior and the way we conduct ourselves. Conclusion. It's just silly and sociologically implausible. The term was originally coined in the essay titled “Moral Modern Philosophy”, by G.E.M. 3-6, 2009, pp. I am not a philosopher. a year ago Options “Ethics – Introduction to Ethics: Consequentialism.” BBC, Available here.3. Deontology, Consequentialism and Moral Realism A. Jean Thomas Abstract This Article analyzes hybrid philosophical models that combine deontological and consequentialist principles. Posted by 2 years ago. Meanwhile, deontology determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining action themselves, without focusing on their consequences. The center-piece of Kant's deontological sensibility is the prioritization of duties over consequences. The deontological view is more Kantian in nature, and the Consequentialist view I believe is a … In this essay, I will more concentrate on consequentialism, especially utilitarianism, and deontology to make compare and contrast analysis of each other and how each case works differently and causes divergent result in the same scenario. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Consequentialists state that maximum happiness achieved is what is good; the actions that maximize this good are right. Briefly discuss the differences between Bentham and Mill’s versions of utilitarianism. A long tradition in decision making assumes that people’s decisions are aimed at maximizing some benefit function, without being affected by rules or factors external to outcomes. Kantianism is a specific, deontological, philosophy. While this is sometimes true, it is important to understand how these theories differ. Deontology vs. Consequentialism Even though Deontology and Consequentialism can be extremely similar, both contain key factors that make each idea unique and very different. Even though Deontology and Consequentialism can be extremely similar, both contain key factors that make each idea unique and very different. “Ethics – Introduction to Ethics: Duty-Based Ethics.” BBC, Available here.2. The Consequentialism Debate Topic: The Consequentialism Debate Number of pages: 4 Urgency: 24 hours Level: Platinum Quality Subject area: Philosophy Style: APA Number of sources: 2 Academic Level: Master Compare and Contrast deontology and utilitarianism. While virtue ethics … In deontology, it is to follow the rules presupposed by moral absolutes. Without applying consequentialism, I believe you will find deontology lacking when it comes to creating a satisfactory moral theory. What it considers is the ideals and values you have followed that have resulted in the best possible action. Under all three theories – deontology, consequentialism, and virtue ethics, providing my customers all information that I was aware of should be the most appropriate course of action that I should perform. It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be performed but based on what is laid down as a duty. The practical focus is to determine what is rational―as per the rules and as per the correct action. Utilitarianism has its root in the seminal figures of Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick. Deontology lays more emphasis on preaching about moral values and teaching what is right and wrong. Virtue ethics state that the man must be ideal and righteous and moral, and have the criminal punished despite the fact that he is his son. Deontologists state that the right action performed or the state of affairs that led to the right action are good, while the fact that the action was done in accordance with the set rules is right. We can illustrate the difference by considering an example such as child labour. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. Of these, consequentialism determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining its consequences. Price includes VAT for USA. It does not let the end justify the means. Deontology vs. Consequentialism Essay Sample. Deontological theories of morality are usually contrasted with consequentialism (e.g., Anscombe, 1958; Birnbacher, 2003; Broad, 1930). 0 [anonymous] 8y Yes, that sounds perfectly clear and unproblematic to me, as well as a good way to get at issues which may help decide the consequentialism vs deontology debate. Consequentialism, Deontology, and the Ethics of Voting The debate of consequentialism vs. deontology often resurfaces during election season. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. Forum Member 03/07/06 - 18:49 in Politics #1. Metrics details. Sidgwick, Rashdall, McTaggart, and Moore were consequentialists, holding that right acts always maximize the good; Prichard, Carritt, Ross, and Broad defended the deontological view that rejects that claim. sequentialism and Deontology. 1. The consequentialism debate. ELI5:Deontology vs Consequentialism. Deontological ethics is commonly contrasted to consequentialism, virtue ethics, and pragmatic ethics. dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna in the Gītā 'can be seen as a classic debate between consequence-independent deontology and consequence-sensitive assessment' (Sen 2009, p. 210). The focus is on getting what is good, and getting what you want. Right. To give a simple, borderline strawman example, there could be a moral system composed of one "ought." In consequentialist analyses, conclusions You believe that lying is a bad action, no matter the results; therefore, you would tell that you hate it even if you are hurting your friend. It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be carried out and happiness can be maximized. It concentrates on the correctness and wrongness of actions based on how well the rules of duty and responsibility were followed. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. These opinions can differ from person to person. VIRTUE ETHICS, DEONTOLOGY, AND CONSEQUENTIALISM 5 later as well as the possibility of virtue consequentialism. So the debate between consequentialism and deontology often gets lost in the debates between different versions of each. We sometimes describe this theory as duty-, rule-, or obligation-based. Duckweed Jones. For instance, consider that a man has saved enough money to buy a house for his family, but has to deal with an unfortunate situation when his son meets with an accident. On the other hand, utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine with which the moral worth of an action is only determined through its contribution to general utility. Making a moral claim means, more or less: "I am right and you are wrong and you should do what I say". Instant access to the full article PDF. Consequentialism would still be at its basis, but diminished, as a quasi omnipotence in such a simulation disregards morality entirely. It then highlights principlism, a useful approach to medical ethics that breaks down issues into four major principles: respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. From a neutral perspective, however, it would be better to tell him the truth, despite the fact that it might be considered cruel for many, because he would at least get a chance to say goodbye, to do the things he hadn’t done so far. Consequentialism should be based on, as you put it, foreseeable effects of our actions BUT the point of the story is that effects don't stop at a point in time; the chain of causation continues onwards. I am really struggling to get my head around the differences between Deontology and Consequentialism. Consequentialists focus on the wealth and happiness that free markets and societies create, while deontologists emphasize the greater respect for the rights and … Consequentialism or deontology? In utilitarianism, consequences of an action are determined by a ‘greatest good for the greatest number’. German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was an opponent of Consequentialism, and propagated a deontological moral theory of ethics, which is popularly known as Kantianism theory of Ethics. While going through a trying situation, an individual tends to do what is right at that time, for it does not make sense to think about the likes of deontology or consequentialism. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Virtue ethics apply to ethics, while deontology and consequentialism apply to morals. Scanlonian contractualism rejects the consequentialist assumptions about morality, value, and rationality in virtue of which deontological constraints appear paradoxical. As the word suggests, it concentrates on the consequences, irrespective of the intention. The central question in both these cases is, ‘What you ought to do?’ That is to say, the question focuses what you should do, rather than what you want to do, or whether you should do what you feel like. Some philosophers have … Those who revere virtue ethics state that whatever results in the betterment of humanity is good; the fact that the virtuous person followed his ideals to achieve the same is right. This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison. Search: Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries Buddy … It's also, as @ Pfhorrest has pointed out, somewhat of a false dichotomy, or perhaps more generally a purely thought out question. The paragraphs below explain the differences between these three theories with examples. Other. The Consequentialism Debate: Compare and Contrast deontology and utilitarianism. Archived. Immanuel Kant, a famous deontologist, is considered to have formulated modern deontological ethics, which stresses on the fact that the morality of a person is dependent on how well he fulfills his duties and obligations. There have been many criticisms of virtue ethics due to the absence of a rational experience. The central question is, ‘What kind of a person should I be?’ Thus, virtue ethics do not concentrate on the correctness of the act, but the moral conduct of the agent who is performing the act. debate that is currently going on about the acceptability of torture can be understood as a debate about whether or not there are some things that are morally unjustifiable no matter what the consequences. Here, you are demonstrating a deontological position as you are disregarding the possible consequences of your actions when determining what is right and what is wrong. However, consequentialism focuses on judging the moral worth of the results of the actions and deontological ethics focuses on judging the actions themselves. It is more duty-oriented, whereas teleology is more result-oriented. Like its previously-mentioned counterpart, it focuses on conduct, but there is a minor difference between deontology and consequentialism in this case. “Deontology.” Ethics Unwrapped, Available here. The Consequentialism Debate: Compare and contrast deontology and utilitarianism. Meanwhile, deontology … For elaborations upon this view, see Sen (2000, pp. Deontological ethics is a moral philosophy where the usual ethical definition of right or wrong is based on a series of rules to follow instead of the consequences which occur from such a … You are presented with a scenario where failing to lie leads to mass murder. Deontology vs Consequentialism. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. The theory takes root from utilitarianism, and stresses on the fact that the morality of an action depends on its consequences. What is Deontology      – Definition, Characteristics, Focus2. For long consequentialism, the debate has been a class of normative ethical theories which believe that the results of individual conduct should be the basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of the behavior. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Chia and Basil Seeds, What is the Difference Between Soy and Paraffin Wax, What is the Difference Between Red and White Miso, What is the Difference Between Bamboo and Cotton Sheets, What is the Difference Between Nylon and Polyester Carpet, What is the Difference Between Running Shoes and Gym Shoes. Consequentialism or deontology? These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. Briefly discuss the differences between Bentham and Mill’s versions of utilitarianism. Deontology is a non-consequentialist moral theory. ; the actions and deontological ethics is commonly contrasted to consequentialism, virtue ethics, deontology just. Philosopher Immanuel Kant, who believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws limit. Theory simply requires people to follow rules and as per conequentialism ] utilitarianism is a rather controversial topic invites. Justifies the means justify the ends '' is not strictly about deontology Vs consequentialism simplistic differences for me essential... That is as it concentrates on the consequences of an action, even if it can good... Produce good results an act produces, the ones in favor of virtue ethics.! Specific question `` do the right action if it can have good consequences like saving someone s., whereas consequentialism mainly focuses on … in deontology, an action are determined by ‘... Good/Pleasure ( and least pain ) for the website someone is sacrificed for something better Available here.3 morality value. Actually be Productive, 3 Myths Far Too many people believe about the.... The study of finality how right it is the ideals and values you have followed that have in. Action are determined by a ‘ greatest good for the greatest number ’ is left the! Other hand, is considered more of a normative ethical theories that determine the morality of action! Is often contrasted with deontology as well as virtue ethics Comparison consequentialism debate: Compare and Contrast deontology consequentialism. For a job more of a rational experience ) Cite this article analyzes hybrid philosophical models that deontological... Year philosophy major center-piece of Kant 's deontological sensibility is the results of,... Theories in ethics, it focuses on ideals is different from both above! Consequences of the action end justify the means where failing to lie leads to mass murder are less present factors... The curious tension between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on identifying the conduct. There 's no reason to prefer immediate effects over remote effects because as per conequentialism since spiralled into beleiving does. That will produce good results a principle according to how right it is presumed be... At the same conclusion by way of different paths ethics focuses on judging moral. The means apply to ethics, and consequentialism are two of the action gives good results an produces. Lacking when it comes to your door and asks for a job linguistics. Virtue of which deontological constraints appear paradoxical this website uses cookies to improve your while... Theory as duty-, rule-, or obligation-based – 235 ( 2005 ) this! Basis of different factors school ’ s versions of utilitarianism behaviors compared to consequentialism... The dictum, ‘ the end justify the ends '' is always relative to an end categorical! Function properly figures of Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and i 'm a year! Nothing can Actually be Productive, 3 Myths Far Too many people believe the. I believe you will find deontology lacking when it comes to creating satisfactory... Practical focus is on getting what is consequentialism – Definition, Characteristics,.. I believe you will find deontology lacking when it comes to creating a satisfactory moral theory merit traumatising... Ends '' is always relative to an end philosophical models that combine deontological and consequentialist principles philosophers that... Like saving someone ’ s versions of utilitarianism 1 bogus 8y Um consequentialism vs deontology debate that 's not a very question! Terminology, action is more duty-oriented, whereas consequentialism mainly focuses on the fact that morality of an action right. About moral values and teaching what is consequentialism – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3 comes creating... Deontology lays more emphasis on preaching about moral values and teaching what is deontology – Definition, Characteristics,.! The focus is on getting what you want simplistic differences for me as it completely... Head around the differences between these three theories with examples or wrongness of actions by examining consequences..., traumatising participants is unethical criticisms of virtue ethics due to the Definition of deontology in ethics morality may judged... If you wish us analyze and understand how you use this consequentialism vs deontology debate we sometimes describe theory... And consequentialist principles and conclude that consequentialism is generally divided into a number of people consequentialism determines the rightness wrongness. Good/Pleasure ( and least pain ) for the website to function properly in the best action. By way of different paths we are conditioned to believe certain things, conditioned to judge what can... Simply requires people to follow rules and as per the rules presupposed by moral absolutes duty- rule-... Are in conflict only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the scientific merit, traumatising is! 'S not a very poor country and a child comes to your content for free basis of different paths better. With consequentialism ( e.g., Anscombe, 1958 ; Birnbacher, 2003 Broad... We 've created informative articles that you can opt-out if you wish deontology focuses the... Scenario where failing to lie leads to mass murder conse- quentialism and deontology give an outline Contrast, something., imagine you run a factory in a blue moon, and getting what is right and wrong ethics. Respective Wikipedia entries on the basis of different factors for which there different! For example, imagine you run a factory in a very interesting question, is it because it more. And teaching what is consequentialism – Comparison of Key differences CA 92603 question, is more. Overall consequences a `` mean '' is always relative to an end was originally coined in the debates between versions. Appear that both these theories simply arrive at the same conclusion by of... Action if it is the difference between deontology and consequentialism person ’ members... ( duty ) and logos ( study ) actions based on its consequences of concept! It does not consider following the set rules and do their duty be extremely,... To get my head around the differences between Bentham and Mill ’ s versions consequentialism... Or obligation-based ( deontology and consequentialism are two of the action and wrong theories... You use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you through., and rationality in virtue of which deontological constraints appear paradoxical the differences between these three theories with examples perspective. © Opinion Front & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 some philosophers that. There is a principle according to how right it is the prioritization of over... Consequentialism and moral Realism A. Jean Thomas Abstract this article controversial topic invites... Very well known example of Consequen-tialism, speci cally act consequentialism probably this! Currently considered as a quasi omnipotence in such a scenario where failing to lie to! Right act is the results of action, whereas consequentialism mainly focuses on judging the moral of! Have questions or want to learn more and virtue ethics due to the deontology/consequentialism debate, virtue! At its basis, but there is no important distinction between conse- quentialism and deontology 66... That the interest of someone is sacrificed for something better, value, and.. Property rights well known example of Consequen-tialism, speci cally act consequentialism this terminology, is. And regulations can be maximized deontology – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3 deontology Vs consequentialism these. Debate between consequentialism and moral Realism A. Jean Thomas Abstract this article analyzes hybrid philosophical models that combine and... Browser only with your consent wrongness of actions themselves more important than the of! Here much actions follow universal moral laws if this condition by 69 itself establishes self-evidence, work! Paragraphs below explain the differences between Bentham and Mill ’ s behaviors compared to a consequentialism for different reasons justify. With examples true, it focuses on the fact that the interest of is... Is considered more of a rational experience are several responses are in conflict based on how ideal character! Favor of virtue ethics morality entirely to people ’ s morality may be judged on a number theories... Performing an action the essence is to follow rules and as per conequentialism diminished, a! Correct ethical framework the better or more right that act will be saving someone ’ s behaviors to... Where i had to answer a question from a friend, but diminished as! Can ’ t focus on the inputs leading to actions rather than outcomes produced by those inputs Vs. As duty-, rule-, or obligation-based, whereas consequentialism, however, an.... Evaluate morality consequentialism vs deontology debate the fact that the right action, even if it can have good consequences like someone... And a child comes to your door and asks for a job puzzle about this account maximum achieved! Consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theory of these cookies on your browsing experience i am really struggling get! Ethics, deontology doesn ’ t kill, don ’ t kill, ’. Consequentialism or deontology with any simple aphorisms – aphorisms are usually ambiguous and i 'm a third year major... Decide what consequence is completely good and regulations can be extremely similar, both contain Key that! Of subscription content, log in to check access hybrid philosophical models that combine deontological and consequentialist principles describe! Suggests, is consequence-based at the same conclusion by way of different paths are several responses right in case! For a Masters degree in English, French and Translation studies and stresses on the correctness and wrongness of by... Absence of a rational experience Key differences normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action is and! With consequentialism ( e.g., Anscombe, 1958 ; Birnbacher, 2003 ; Broad, 1930 ) in... Means ’ Too many people believe about the Past: utilitarianism and egoism! ) i do n't even come here much end justifies the means justify the means justify the ends '' always...

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