Hindu pilgrims gathering at Pushkar, in the Thar Desert, Rajasthan state, India. The khajri (or khejri) tree (Prosopis cineraria) grows throughout the plains. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the summer there is little to no rain. They include khejri, keekar, cactus, and babool. Those lakes are fed by short intermittent streams, which experience flash floods during occasional intense rains and become dry and lose their identity once…. The Thar Desert has become the biggest wool-producing area in India, with almost 40-50% of India’s total wool production coming from this region. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Mean Temp: 59 °F. Several playas (saline lake beds), locally known as dhands, are scattered throughout the region. (Albinism), Can Squirrels Eat Almonds? The other crops include corn, jowar, groundnuts, sesame, etc. Sariska, Ranthambore, and Keoladeo are some of the famous national parks in Rajasthan. Many nomads are engaged in animal husbandry, crafts, or trade. In general, the nomads are symbiotically related to the sedentary population and its economy. The Thar desert is the seventeenth-largest desert and the ninth-largest subtropical desert in the world. … history, thar desert climate, weather, forecast, thar desert animals … Thar is a Great Indian Desert located in the … Natural vegetation … – Thar desert – SlideShareOct 22, 2012 … Some consider it Location and description• In India the Thar Desert extends …. Precipitation: 0.35". In Thar, a desert in the northwestern state of Rajasthan that covers 10 per cent of India, I was soundly proven wrong. As a result, it remains almost dry. It lies mostly in the Indian state of Rajasthan, and extends into the southern portion of Haryana and Punjab states and into northern Gujarat state. The Thar’s desert sands overlie Archean (early Precambrian) gneiss (metamorphic rocks formed between 4 billion and 2.5 billion years ago), Proterozoic (later Precambrian) sedimentary rocks (formed about 2.5 billion to 541 million years ago), and more-recent alluvium (material deposited by rivers). The region thus slowly turned it into a desert. However, the monsoon winds in the southwest bring rainfall in the summer seasons. Todays weather forecast, by the hour and long term. Section of the Sukkur Barrage irrigation project, on the Indus River, southern Thar Desert, Pakistan. Water is a scarce resource in the Thar. However, water is scarce. It adds to the uniqueness of the country and is home to several distinct vegetation and vibrant wildlife. The Thar Desert of today is shaped by a stark absence of surface water. The days are sweltering, and nights are cooler. (as seen in the chart) From the heat there are many dried up rivers. The Thar Desert experiences scorching summers. Omissions? With climatic changes, rainfall started declining and chocked the river. Dust storms and dust-raising winds, often blowing with velocities of 87 to 93 miles (140 to 150 km) per hour, are common in May and June. About Thar Desert: The Thar Desert also known as the Great Indian Desert is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent and forms a natural boundary running along the border between India and Pakistan. km), forming a natural border between India and Pakistan. Alkaloids, used for making medicine and oils for making soap are also extracted. The canal begins at the Harike Barrage—at the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in the Indian Punjab—and continues in a southwesterly direction for some 290 miles (470 km). But still, this arid region receives a low annual rainfall (4-20 inches) as compared to the other parts of India. In contrast, the Sahara desert has the lowest population density, with one person per square kilometer. Sheep are bred for rough and medium-fine wool while camels are used both for transportation and plowing the land for agriculture. The Thar desert is one of the most precious natural treasures of India. Besides, there are Indian spiny-tailed lizards, saw-scaled vipers, Asiatic wildcats, and white-footed fox. Thar Desert THE THAR DESERT, often called the Indian Desert, extends for about 400 mi (644 km) from southwest to northeast and has a maximum width of about 225 mi (362 km). The Thar area has a tropical desert climate. Why Do White Rabbits Have Red Eyes? The desert also has oases. (And Which Foods Do They Actually Like), How do Rainbows Form? He has been part of many reputed domestic and global online magazines and publications. For irrigation, canals are the primary source of water in the desert. The summer days are really hot and the nights are cool but the winter days are warm and the nights are cold. Both Islam and Hinduism are practiced, and the population is divided into complex economic and social groups. Thar Desert, also called Great Indian Desert, arid region of rolling sand hills on the Indian subcontinent. The subtropical desert climate there results from persistent high pressure and subsidence at that latitude. The Thar Desert gets most of its rainfall in December and January. The Thar Desert experiences scorching summers. Thar Desert T ourism Elements: The Thar Desert is located in Rajasthan and 60 percent of the total area belongs to Thar Desert. Under the agreement, waters of the Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers are to be made available to the Indira Gandhi Canal mainly to irrigate portions of the Thar in western Rajasthan. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Thar-Desert, World Wildlife Fund - Southern Asia: Western India into Pakistan, IndiaNetzone - Geography of India - Thar Desert. Precipitation amounts fluctuate widely from year to year. To the south is the Kathiawar…, The Great Indian, or Thar, Desert forms an important southern extension of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Development challenges in the Thar Desert. The Thar desert seems an ideal place for generation of electricity from wind power. The Thar Desert extends between the Aravalli Hills in the north-east, the Great Rann of Kutch along the coast and the alluvial plains of the Indus River in the west and north-west. Well in the Thar (Great Indian) Desert, western Rajasthan, India. During January, the coldest month, the mean minimum temperature ranges between 41 and 50 °F (5 and 10 °C), and frost is frequent. How Does Photosynthesis Take Place in Desert Plants? In some deserts such as Arica in Chile, the average annual rainfall is about 1 mm. Among those the Tharparkar breed is the highest yielder of milk, and the Kankre breed is good both as a beast of burden and as a milk producer. It is characterised by sand, scrub, strong winds, and absurdly high day temperatures. It is one of the major hot deserts of the world with the highest population density. Most of the desert is covered by huge shifting sand dunes that receive sediments from … Precipitation levels are in the Thar Desert are very low, between 120-240mm, and evaporation rates are high. Extreme temperatures - temperatures in the Thar Desert can exceed 50°C in the summer months. During the summers the days are hot and the nights are cold. The soils are generally infertile and, because of severe wind erosion, are overblown with sand. Come check it out on our Flora and Fauna pages, to see how true this really is. The Thar desert is the world’s most populated desert with a population density of 83 people per square kilometer. But, in present times, due to changes in environmental conditions, some parts of Rajasthan are vulnerable to floods during monsoon. How are They Formed and Types of Coastal Landforms, How Do Birds Mate? As strong winds started lifting sand and build-up particles from alluvial sediments and deposited them in the region, the actual formation of the desert began. In winter, the days are warm, and the nights are freezing. Whenever it rains, water is collected in tanks and reservoirs and is used for drinking and other domestic purposes. The name Thar is derived from thul, the general term for the region’s sand ridges. The typically bald, rocky, or sandy surfaces in desert climates hold little moisture and evaporate the little rainfall they receive. The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is located in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent, to the west of the Aravalli Mountain Range. The perennial plants have developed unique features known as xerophytic adaptations that help them survive in the meager water conditions. The thinly populated grasslands support blackbucks, chikara (gazelles), and some feathered game, notably francolins (partridges) and quail. To the south of thar desert is a salt marsh known as the Rann of Kachchh. The Thar Desert attracts many tourists. The soil around an oasis is fertile, and date palms and other plants keep growing around it. Some areas that experience precipitation exceeding 200 mm annually but lose more water through evapotranspiration also fall under the desert climate. Sheep are bred for both medium-fine and rough wool. See the forecast as a table or graph. All Rights Reserved . Places like Jaipur and Udaipur are well known for their forts. Beyond them is the hilly region of Rajasthan and the Malwa Plateau. Animal husbandry and agriculture are the mainstay of the economy centered around the desert. The hottest seasons are June and July while the coldest seasons include January and December. The average temperature ranges from 75 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit or 24 to 26 degrees Celsius in summer and 39 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit or 4 to 10 degrees Celsius in winter. The desert presents an undulating surface, with high and low sand dunes separated by sandy plains and low barren hills, or bhakars, which rise abruptly from the surrounding plains. As a result, demand for water will rise 0.1 to 0.5 mm/day for 1 degree Centigrade rise, 0.3 to 1.1 mm/day for 2 degree Centigrade, 0.4 to 1.6 mm/day for 3 degree Centigrade rise and 0.6 to 2.1 mm/day for a 4 degree Centigrade rise in temperature. In February every year, a Desert Festival is conducted in the city of Jaisalmer. In the Pakistani part of the desert, a railway line runs between Bahawalpur and Hyderabad. A professional writer, editor, blogger, copywriter, and a member of the International Association of Professional Writers and Editors, New York. Thermal power-generating plants, fueled by coal and oil, supply power only locally in the large towns. Whatever seasonal rain falls is collected in tanks and reservoirs and is used for drinking and domestic purposes. (And Do They Mate With Other Species). The Thar Desert has an extreme climate. The Climate in the Thar desert is like any other desert. Climate:-The climate in the desert is extreme. In the winters, the days are pleasant and the winters extremely cold, but better than navigating the sands in the heat. It is less than 10 inches per annum. Water supply. Hot deserts are hostile, remote and challenging environments for development. Low Temp: 48 °F. The Thar Desert is one of the most fragile ecosystems of India. During other seasons the prevailing wind is the dry northeast monsoon. It is located at the coordinates of 10 0 Today, the Thar Desert, situated in the northwestern part of the country, is a barren desert with no trace of any moisture. In India, the desert extends from Gujarat in the west to Punjab and Haryana in the north and northeast, the Aravalli range in the southeast and the Rann of Kutch in the south. It is mostly in northwestern India but also extends into eastern Pakistan and is mainly an area of gently undulating terrain, and within it are several areas dominated by shifting sand dunes and numerous…, …northwestern India, particularly in the Great Indian Desert of Rajasthan, where there are several ephemeral salt lakes—most prominently Sambhar Salt Lake, the largest lake in India. It is the only desert India has and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. Camel used for transportation in the Thar (Great Indian) Desert, Rajasthan, India. An avid reader and a nature lover by heart, when he is not working, he is probably exploring the secrets of life. These plants are stunted, thorny, or prickly shrubs. The prevailing southwest monsoon winds that bring rain to much of the subcontinent in summer tend to bypass the Thar to the east. However, a significant part of this desert lies in Rajasthan. Test your knowledge. Camels are commonly used for transport as well as for plowing the land and other agricultural purposes. Apart from coal-based thermal power, generation of electricity from wind power is also carried out in the Thar desert. May and June are the hottest months of the year, with temperatures rising to 122 °F (50 °C). The Thar Desert can be found in the northwestern region of India. The Sukkur Barrage on the Indus River, completed in 1932, irrigates the southern Thar region in Pakistan by means of canals, and the Gang Canal carries water from the Sutlej River to the northwest. My host Gemar Singh, or Gemar ji as we called him, loves to emphasise that the Thar, the 17th largest desert in the world, is a “living desert”. However, sound acquirers have been detected in the central part of the desert. The area is also known as the Great Indian Desert. Explanation: The Thar desert is located on the northern westernmost part of India and cover a distance of about 200,000 km square thereby forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. The desert is also the home of the endangered great bustard. A thick accumulation of lime often occurs at varying depths. In the summer there is little to no rain. The days are sweltering, and nights are cooler. As crops fail and livestock wither and die, tribal communities that have survived for centuries are breaking apart. The Thar Desert is located at the end of the Sahara-Arabian desert tract and at the northwestern limit of the SW monsoon. High Temp: 71 °F. The desert climate or arid climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk), is a climate which there is an excess of evaporation over precipitation. Ghosts of the Thar desert: on the climate change frontline in Pakistan. Rajasthan has several national parks which are home to animals including nilgai, camel, blackbuck, Indian wild ass, and chinkara. About 90 percent of the total annual rainfall occurs during the season of the southwest monsoon, from July to September (see also Indian monsoon). The desert covers an area of 200,000 square km. In June, July, and August, this desert has no rain. © 2020 . One can witness rare competitions like camel polo and cheer for camel races. They grow, bloom, and bear fruits within that short span and then lie dormant till the next rainy season. The grasses form the main natural resources of the desert. The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km (77,000 sq mi) and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. The climate in the summers is extremely hot and unbearable for those who are not used to it. It is a large arid region with a landscape dominated by sand dunes varying in size from 52ft (16m) in the North to 498ft (152m) in the south. Among the most prominent groups are the Rajputs, who inhabit the central Thar. Undulating sand dunes in the Thar (Great Indian) Desert. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The arid land and the hot climate of the Thar desert are only suitable for perennial and ephemeral plants. Climate Wildlife Come And Visit! Among the migratory birds, sand grouse, ducks, and geese are common. 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