Sirirassamee T, Sirirassamee B. Its Tobacco Regulations 2019 require that all tobacco products (including cigarettes, cigarillos, cigars, beedies, ang hoon and other roll-your-own tobacco products) must fully comply with standardized packaging starting 1 July 2020. Tob Control. World Health Organization. 2015;24(2):127–41. Due to the very low prevalence of female smokers in 2014, this study applied the model to estimate the smoking prevalence and attributable mortality among males only. Do not buy more than 200 cigarettes at a time even when you are already in Thailand.A Japanese guy staying in the same guesthouse as me bought about 800 from a Duty Free shop in Hatyai because he thought he would save a lot of money buying in bulk. “Implementing this life-saving measure contained in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), Singapore and Thailand have blazed a path that neighboring ASEAN countries must follow,” said Dorotheo. • Goods to the value of THB฿10,000. Singapore will be the second ASEAN country to implement this important tobacco control measure. The 2015 Global Youth Tobacco Survey reported that half of the underage youth had no difficulty in buying cigarettes, reflecting weak regulatory environments and enforcement capacities [13]. In 2017 the minimum legal age for purchasing cigarettes was increased to 20 years. Featured Cars. The excess risk of dying from smoking is a simple model based on the relative risk for current and former smokers. 2012;21(2):258–64. This suggests that the previous tobacco control policies might be less effective in some populations and/or not last very long. While West Fusion White will … Cessation rates were estimated for each age and gender group. In the theoretical scenario, we assumed that the smoking initiation intervention could reduce smoking initiation in youths and young adults to zero. Price per carton: $20.00-$24.80 West is one of the cheapest cigarette brands in 2019, and it comes in many flavors. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. We used a Markov chain model to estimate the projected smoking prevalence and attributed mortality in 2025. They come in two different sizes, short and long cigarettes. Such measures include Thailand's customs valuation practices, excise tax, health tax, TV tax, VAT regime, retail licensing requirements and import guarantees imposed upon cigarette importers. All-cause mortality data for 2015 was obtained from the Strategy and Planning Division, Ministry of Public Health. Prevention of smoking initiation among youth is a key to ending the tobacco epidemic in Thailand. However, price effects on smoking initiation among youths have been found to have little impact [23]. Geneva: World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2012. It costs about 200 Baht (USD 6.39, EUR 5.63, GBP 4.89) per pack. Thun MJ, Carter BD, Feskanich D, et al. In: Ending the tobacco problem: a blueprint for the nation; 2007. p. A1–A45. Contact: As shown in Table 4, the cumulative number of deaths over the 10 year period between 2016 and 2025 was 2,235,851 among males aged > 15 years. This study shows that a 15% annual increase in cigarette tax yields the highest reduction in smoking prevalence, although such a high tax increase would require extraordinary political leadership amidst a tobacco industry that exerts staunch resistance and political lobbying [37]. 2017;105(Suppl):S4–S9. Fiore MC, Jaen CR, Baker T, et al. Banned Imports Tob Control. Results of this study can help guide policy makers in implementing further interventions to reduce the prevalence of smoking in Thailand. The tobacco industry takes advantage of this loophole in the ad valorem excise tax system in Thailand to falsely declare a lower imported price. \( {RR}_x^c \), \( {RR}_x^f \) = relative risk of mortality in current and former smokers, respectively compared to never smokers in age group x. 2019 Top 10 Cars Thailand ... Price: 16.99 million baht ... Four people have been arrested and 10 million baht worth of e-cigarettes and related items … CAS  Bangkok: National Statistical Office; 2017. Tobacco taxes and prices Appendix IX: WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2017. Starting 10 September 2019 with a 90-day full phase-out of old cigarette stocks by 8 December 2019, all cigarettes in Thailand must be sold in drab brown-colored packs with cigarette brand names printed in a standardized font type, size, color, and location, without brand colors or logos. Tob Control. Wendell C Balderas, Media and Communications Manager – SEATCA As shown in Table 3, rates increased with increasing age with the lowest cessation rate of 1.5% found in those aged 20–34 years. Rimpela AH, Rainio SU. A Markov chain model was developed to examine the effect of tobacco control policies, such as accessibility restrictions for youths, increased tobacco taxes and promotion of smoking cessation programs, from 2015 to 2025. 2015;24(5):481–8. Comprehensive smoking cessation policy for all smokers: systems integration to save lives and money. We use these models to project the gender-specific smoking prevalence for the period between 2007 and 2014 compared with the survey data in 2007 and 2011 on smoking prevalence. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7332-x, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7332-x. SA and SP designed the study. It is one of the highest selling brands among all cigarette brand. Several forecasting models were constructed to predict the effect of different interventions on the prevalence of smoking and attributed mortality. 2010;29(9):1656–60. Regular price increases above the inflation rate and purchasing power are effective in curbing smoking demand . 2013;8:CD002850. PubMed  What public health strategies are needed to reduce smoking initiation? Figure 1 shows a transition diagram for each of the states in the model. Last reply was Thu, 21 Jun 2007 06:50:57 +0000. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011. Bangkok, 29 August 2019: Noting that tobacco companies have started complying with Thailand’s Standardized Packaging Regulation two weeks ahead of the required deadline, the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA) commends Thailand being the first country in the ASEAN Region and Asia at large to usher in standardized tobacco packaging. In the tobacco consumption survey, there were 3.4 million former smokers of which 65.9, 10.5 and 23.7% had quit smoking for less than 12 months, between 12 and 23 months, and 24 months or more, respectively. Enter custom title (optional) This topic is locked. Cookies policy. PubMed  Correspondence to Since the survey did not contain a question asking for the specific year that a current smoker quit smoking, we used the annual incidence of smoking relapse after 1 year from a meta-analysis [16]. Search. Part of Tob Control. Thorn Tree forum Country forums Thailand. The Thai government should review the tax rate regularly to keep pace with inflation and the increased capacity of smokers to pay for cigarettes [40]. Or. PubMed Google Scholar. Pall Mall; Pall Mall brand cigarettes are produced and marketed by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (USA). US Department of Health Human Services. Contribution of six risk factors to achieving the 25x25 non-communicable disease mortality reduction target: a modelling study. Figure 3 shows the trend in smoking prevalence for males. 50-year trends in smoking-related mortality in the United States. California Privacy Statement, National Statistical Office. We compared the effects of different tobacco control interventions with the 2015 baseline scenario. Article  Taxation on tobacco products has been an effective means of tobacco control in many countries. The role of tobacco control policies in reducing smoking and deaths in a middle income nation: results from the Thailand SimSmoke simulation model. American mortality risks and tobacco epidemiology may differ from that of the Thai population. These projected reductions are insufficient to achieve the committed target of a 30% relative reduction in smoking by 2025. If you can buy cigarettes at every turn in all countries, it’s quite difficult to find them here. This paper addresses this knowledge gap which will contribute to policy control measures on tobacco control. Relative risks (95% confidence intervals) of all-cause mortality by smoking status, data from Cancer Prevention Study phase II. The synergistic effects of the combined interventions would reduce the prevalence to 33.7% in 2025, which is equivalent to a 10.8% reduction against the 2025 baseline or a 19% relative reduction from 2010. E-cigarettes are legal and taxed in many parts of the world but in Thailand tourists wondered if they could face jail time for vaping. When the quit-line and brief interventions fully cover all smokers, the prevalence reduced by 4 percentage points, although there was a 3.4 times increase in cessation rate (from 22 to 99.2%). Article  Duty free prices at BKK airport are however much better, a carton of 400 B+H/Marboro will cost approx 1100 baht, the equivalent of about 90p per pack Lee G, Lee J, Lee S. Risk factors of future smoking among Thai youth: a secondary analysis of the Thai global youth tobacco survey. Starting September 12, 2019, with a 90-day full phase-out of old cigarette stocks by December 12, 2019, all cigarettes in Thailand must be sold in drab brown-coloured packs with cigarette brand names printed in a standardised font type, size, colour, and location, without brand colours or … Table 9.1 - Taxes and retail price for a pack of 20 cigarettes of the most sold brand xls, 751kb; Table 9.2 - Retail prices for a pack of 20 cigarettes of premium brand and cheapest brand of cigarettes xls, 401kb The two primary outcomes from the model were annual smoking prevalence and smoking attributable deaths stratified by age and gender. 2016;47(2):309–17. This paper addresses this knowledge gap which will contribute to policy control measures on tobacco control. Atlanta, Georgia, US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Geneva: National Health Security Office; 2018. PubMed  Addiction. Prices of restaurants, food, transportation, utilities and housing are included. Geneva: World Health Organization;2018. Smoking prevalence and attributable deaths in Thailand: predicting outcomes of different tobacco control interventions. Anytime I ask for a carton or 10 packs they just say "no have" or something like that. The formulas applied to estimate the probabilities of dying for never, current and former smokers are shown in the Appendix. Our results were possibly underestimated because females, due to their low smoking prevalence, were excluded from the analysis. Predictors of successful quitting include a lower level of nicotine dependence, a longer duration of time since the last attempt to quit smoking, a higher level of self-efficacy, and an absence of pressure from peer smokers. The study was exempt from ethics approval as it only used secondary data from surveys that had followed conventional ethics guidelines and recorded no personal identifiers. Prohibition of tobacco sales to youths under the age of 18 years was implemented in 1992. In the smoking and alcohol consumption behavior survey, the prevalence of current smoking for those aged 15 years and over was 40.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 39.4–41.8) among males and 2.2% (95% CI: 1.9–2.5) among females. Health Aff (Millwood). Thailand duty free Overview. Thailand hiked up the excise tax on imported cigarettes from 87% to 90% of the imported price or up to the permitted ceiling, starting on February 9, 2016, resulting in prices for both local and imported cigarettes to go up THB5-10 (US$0.14-0.28) per packet. N Engl J Med. Annual cessation rates were measured as the number of current smokers in each year who became non-smokers the following year divided by the number of current smokers in each previous year. SAS software version 9.4 was used to analyze the data. New Zealand: 22.84 $ 3. Article  Nonthaburi: International Health Policy Program; 2017. There are also more than a million village health volunteers throughout the country. Our estimates did not include initiation of new tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes and policies on smoke free interventions, such as mass media campaigns, advertising bans, and package warning labels. statement and We further assumed a double effect on young adults aged 15–24 years. Cite this article. Acknowledged by governments, academic institutions, and civil society for its advancement of tobacco control movements in Southeast Asia, the WHO bestowed on SEATCA the World No Tobacco Day Award in 2004 and the WHO Director-General’s Special Recognition Award in 2014. It was further assumed that the intervention can reach a maximum of 12% of current smokers. About SEATCA To plan and prioritize national tobacco control strategies, it is important for the Thai government to know whether or not the 30% target can be achieved and if not, what additional or enhanced policy interventions are needed to achieve the target [3]. Tob Control. Standardized packaging reduces the attractiveness of tobacco products, eliminates tobacco packaging as a form of advertising, and increases the noticeability and effectiveness of pictorial health warnings. ... Thailand Sitemap. By 2025, a total of 99,784 tobacco related deaths, or 4.5% of the total deaths from all causes, were projected to be averted by implementing the combined tobacco policies. Further gains might be realized by implementing stricter youth access policies. Chantornvong S, McCargo D. Political economy of tobacco control in Thailand. 2012;107(1):197–205. To overcome this loophole, the actual retail prices should be used as the basis for the ad valorem taxation. 2018 Global progress report on implementation of the WHO framework convention on tobacco control. Alwan A. The projected annual smoking prevalence under each of the six scenarios is shown in Fig. Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2018. We projected that combined tobacco control policies would lead to as much as a 19% relative reduction in the male smoking prevalence by 2025. This policy option should be explored further and implemented at the appropriate scale, not just for Thailand, but for other low- to middle-income countries where there is an inadequate public health infrastructure. In order to confirm this hypothesis, we aim to estimate the effect of tobacco control policies in Thailand on the prevalence of smoking and attributed deaths and assess the possibilities of achieving WHO’s 2025 global target. Increased efforts to control tobacco use will be essential for reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases in Thailand. Reducing tobacco use: a report of the surgeon general.(2000). In 2011, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a political declaration which committed its member states to focus on the prevention and control of NCDs [1]. Our comparison of the theoretical ideal and the realistic scenario on smoking cessation interventions illustrated the importance of population coverage. Former smokers were those who reported ever smoking in their lifetime but were not current smokers. 2013;5. The chief of the excise department Pachorn Anantasin says that the different kinds of e-cigarettes would be subject to taxes, and thus legal. 2012;21(2):172–80. Effect of smoking control policies on smoking prevalence in males aged 15 years or more under a theoretical ideal scenario, 2015 to 2025. Thailand’s Health Welfare Survey reported that 29% of the population had visited a health facility during the past 30 days prior to the survey. The comprehensive combination of tobacco control policies could reduce the male smoking prevalence by 19% in 2025, which is well below the global target of 30%. Chaloupka FJ, Cummings KM, Morley CP, Horan JK. Under a baseline scenario where smoking initiation and cessation rates among males are attained by 2015, smoking prevalence rates will reduce to 37.8% in 2025. This follows the brief advice to quit smoking in clinical settings which contributes to 2.46% of all-cause mortality. $$ cessation\ rate=\frac{\mathrm{former}\ \mathrm{smokers}\ \mathrm{who}\ \mathrm{had}\ \mathrm{not}\ \mathrm{smoked}\ \mathrm{for}\ 12-23\ \mathrm{months}}{\mathrm{former}\ \mathrm{smokers}\ \mathrm{who}\ \mathrm{had}\ \mathrm{not}\ \mathrm{smoked}\ \mathrm{for}\ 12-23\ \mathrm{months}+c\mathrm{urrent}\ \mathrm{smokers}\ \mathrm{who}\ \mathrm{have}\ \mathrm{smoked}\ge 24\ \mathrm{months}} $$, $$ initiation\ rate=\frac{\mathrm{current}\ \mathrm{smokers}\ \mathrm{who}\ \mathrm{have}\ \mathrm{smoked}<12\ \mathrm{months}}{\mathrm{current}\ \mathrm{smokers}\ \mathrm{who}\ \mathrm{have}\ \mathrm{smoked}<12\ \mathrm{months}+ never\ smokers} $$, $$ {M}_x^n=\frac{M_{x,t}^p}{RR_x^c\times {Prev}_x^c+{RR}_x^f\times {Prev}_x^f+1\times 1-\left({Prev}_x^c+{Prev}_x^f\right)\ } $$, $$ {\mathrm{P}}_{\mathrm{x}}=1-{\mathrm{e}}^{-\mathrm{MRx}} $$, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7332-x, Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries, Source: American Cancer Society, Cancer Prevention Study phase two [. 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